If Muhammad rips the veil open from a single such branch, thousands of monks and priests will tear the string of false belief from around their waists. In the Mevlevi tradition, samāʿ represents a mystical journey of spiritual ascent through mind and love to the Perfect One. Rumi was a major celebrity, above the emir/sultan, highly cultured, extremely well connected and one of the most creative geniuses of all time. During Ottoman times, the Mevlevi produced a number of notable poets and musicians, including Sheikh Ghalib, Ismail Rusuhi Dede of Ankara, Esrar Dede, Halet Efendi, and Gavsi Dede, who are all buried at the Galata Mewlewī Khāna (Turkish: Mevlevi-Hane) in Istanbul. The most complete genealogy offered for the family stretches back to six or seven generations to famous Hanafi jurists.[43][44][45]. The law also provided penalties for those who tried to re-establish the Orders. She was the one who sponsored the construction of his tomb in Konya. An evocative poem, doused in imagery, this one will tie in beautifully with the vows of a couple who love to cook or travel together. [80], Flee to God's Qur'an, take refuge in it I am the dust on the path of Muhammad, the Chosen one. those fish of the pure sea of Majesty. Rumi cared for Shams, not just because he helped Rumi attain self-realization and ascension, but by immortalizing Shams he perpetuated Shams' transformative energy for all seekers in the world. [82], "I "sewed" my two eyes shut from [desires for] this world and the next – this I learned from Muhammad."[83]. Syed Burhan Uddin Mohakkiki, a student of Rumi Bahauddin, studied Islamic Sharia and Sufism with Tirmizi for nine consecutive years and at one point became the chief judge of the Konya Mosque. I died to the mineral state and became a plant, 60. Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman. Then I will become non-existent; non-existence says to me (in tones) like an organ, So he brought Shams Tabrizi to his house. در شیوه‌ی عشق خویش و بیگانه یکی است [97] His first successor in the rectorship of the order was "Husam Chalabi" himself, after whose death in 1284 Rumi's younger and only surviving son, Sultan Walad (died 1312), popularly known as author of the mystical Maṭnawī Rabābnāma, or the Book of the Rabab was installed as grand master of the order. She is not dating anyone currently. Emission Group—Five Thousand Turkish Lira—. His projection of love is probably the most well known and something that everybody can connect to. Heinrichs. His poems or writings are in fact a reflection of human expression in various mysterious and diverse experiences where people find different feelings in his daily life. Following this dance, Sultan Walad later performed a special dance in honor of his father, in which one person is placed in the center as a metaphor for Rumi and the others revolve around him, as the planets revolve around the sun. [86], The Sufi is hanging on to Muhammad, like Abu Bakr.[87]. I am the same as Rumi also spoke in Masnavi about his love for Shams Tabrizi, Salauddin Jacob and Husam al-Chelebi. Rumi and his mausoleum were depicted on the reverse of the 5000 Turkish lira banknotes of 1981–1994.[92]. It seemed Rumi had become quite impervious to all the perils. By this time (c. 1228 CE), Rumi had been married twice and had three sons and a daughter. [117] The first volume was published in 2010, and it has come out annually since then. He said. When his wife died, Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun. Wanderer, idolater, worshiper of fire, But he did not catch Rumi because he was too young. According to the Quran, Prophet Muhammad is a mercy sent by God to the Alamin (to all worlds), including humanity overall. Related Topics:  Top Popular 330 Rumi Quotes, Your email address will not be published. He married his 12-year-old honest daughter Kimia Khatun to 60-year-old Shams Tabrizi. So the poems written by Rumi are basically the poems of Shams Tabrizi. The process of Persianization accelerated in the 13th century with the presence in Konya of two of the most distinguished refugees fleeing before the Mongols, Bahā' al-Dīn Walad and his son Mawlānā Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī, whose Mathnawī, composed in Konya, constitutes one of the crowning glories of classical Persian literature.". At the proposal of the Permanent Delegations of Afghanistan, Iran, and Turkey, and as approved by its executive board and General Conference in conformity with its mission of “constructing in the minds of men the defences of peace”, UNESCO was associated with the celebration, in 2007, of the eight hundredth anniversary of Rumi's birth. [13], Rumi lived most of his life under the Persianate[37][38][39] Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, where he produced his works[40] and died in 1273 AD. Again, many say that after the death of Shams Tabrizi, Rumi became Shams Tabrizi. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. [22][23] His works are widely read today in their original language across Greater Iran and the Persian-speaking world. I will become that which cannot come into the imagination, [113][114], Also on 30 September 2007, Turkey celebrated Rumi’s eight-hundredth birthday with a giant Whirling Dervish ritual performance of the samāʿ, which was televised using forty-eight cameras and broadcast live in eight countries. Sadly, Kimia did not live long after the marriage and passed away upon falling ill after a stroll in the garden. In 1231 Rumi succeeded his late father as a religious teacher. And since his mother Muimina Khatun is a descendant of the Khwarizmi dynasty, Rumi has been growing up in the company of high-ranking people since childhood. His teachings became the base for the order of the Mevlevi, which his son Sultan Walad organised. The marriage produced two male children, Baha al-Din Muhammad-i Walad (popularly known as Sultan Walad) and Ala-eddin Chalabi. Rumi was married twice. Ertugrul Gunay, of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, stated, "Three hundred dervishes are scheduled to take part in this ritual, making it the largest performance of sema in history. How is it that a Persian boy born almost eight hundred years ago in Khorasan, the northeastern province of greater Iran, in a region that we identify today as Central Asia, but was considered in those days as part of the Greater Persian cultural sphere, wound up in Central Anatolia on the receding edge of the Byzantine cultural sphere, in which is now Turkey, من چه گویم وصف آن عالی‌جناب — نیست پیغمبر ولی دارد کتاب, مثنوی معنوی مولوی — هست قرآن در زبان پهلوی. And today we will hear the story of the famous Maulana or poet Jalal Uddin Rumi, whose words cut a scar in our hearts, whose poems teach us a new definition of love, whose poems teach us not to be afraid of the Creator but to be found in love. Rumi. Rumi belongs to the class of Islamic philosophers which include Ibn Arabi and Mulla Sadra. [98] The leadership of the order has been kept within Rumi's family in Konya uninterruptedly since then. Of the four canonical schools of Sunni Islam, the family adhered to the relatively liberal, H. Crane "Notes on Saldjūq Architectural Patronage in Thirteenth Century Anatolia,", Franklin Lewis, Rumi: Past and Present, East and West, Oneworld Publications, 2008 (revised edition). It is the aim of the Mawlana Rumi Review to redress this carelessly inattentive approach to world literature, which is something far more serious than a minor faux pas committed by the Western literary imagination."[118]. … "ḎJalāl al- Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵhaṭībī ." I went to Church; I didn’t find him there either. His father named him Jalal Uddin. Go on! What can I say in praise of that great one? there with the spirits of the prophets merge. They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it." پس چه ترسم کی ز مردن کم شدم؟ Rumi's work has been translated into many of the world's languages, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, Bengali, French, Italian, and Spanish, and is being presented in a growing number of formats, including concerts, workshops, readings, dance performances, and other artistic creations. The married couple were spotted out in two different locations on Eastern Long Island on Wednesday, August 26, with the “Single Ladies” star having a sweet moment with her daughter Rumi. The popular hagiographical assertions that have claimed the family's descent from the Caliph Abu Bakr does not hold on closer examination and is rejected by modern scholars. Ours is not a caravan of despair.[101]. The home town of this person is Mumbai, India. Look, there is good in every fallen leaf. Today it is the official language of, Education and encounters with Shams-e Tabrizi, Ritter, H.; Bausani, A. According to hagiographical account which is not agreed upon by all Rumi scholars, Rumi encountered one of the most famous mystic Persian poets, Attar, in the Iranian city of Nishapur, located in the province of Khorāsān. It is rumoured that Shams was murdered with the connivance of Rumi's son, 'Ala' ud-Din; if so, Shams indeed gave his head for the privilege of mystical friendship.[49]. He does not offend anyone, and he includes everyone.... Today Rumi's poems can be heard in churches, synagogues, Zen monasteries, as well as in the downtown New York art/performance/music scene.". He is widely known by the sobriquet Mawlānā/Molānā[1][5] (Persian: مولانا‎ Persian pronunciation: [moulɒːnɒ]) in Iran and popularly known as Mevlânâ in Turkey. Rumi's poetry forms the basis of much classical Iranian and Afghan music. A voice said to him, "What will you give in return?" After Salah ud-Din's death, Rumi's scribe and favourite student, Hussam-e Chalabi, assumed the role of Rumi's companion. So when Rumi reaches the age of forty and he becomes qualified to hold that spirituality, Shams Tabrizi finds him again. Class inequality did not find a place in him. 90–92: "Baha al-Din’s disciples also traced his family lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sep 9; Af 7; JNO 457; Dow 213). "[56] Rumi's longing and desire to attain this ideal is evident in the following poem from his book the Masnavi:[57], از جمادی مُردم و نامی شدم When his father died, Rumi took over his position as sheikh of the religious school in the community and continued his father’s practices of preaching, teaching, observing religious rites and practices, and ministering to the poor. Rumi’s works have been translated to many languages across the world, including Russian, German, Urdu, Turkish, Arabic, French, Italian and Spanish. Rumi died on 17 December 1273 in Konya. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Ala' ud-Din By the time he made it to Konya his mother had died, and he was married with one child, a son. In 1226, Alauddin Kaikobad, the ruler of Anatolia, invited Bahauddin and his family to Konya, Anatolia, and asked them to stay. Rumi’s visions, words, and life teach us how to reach inner peace and happiness so we can finally stop the continual stream of hostility and hatred and achieve true global peace and harmony.”. 47–49. Ποιήματα του Μαυλανά Ρουμή. He believed that it was not possible to find a mosque or a church in search of the Creator, but to seek the Creator in one’s own heart. Hadi Sabzavari, one of Iran's most important 19th-century philosophers, makes the following connection between the Masnavi and Islam, in the introduction to his philosophical commentary on the book: It is a commentary on the versified exegesis [of the Qur’ān] and its occult mystery, since all of it [all of the Mathnawī] is, as you will see, an elucidation of the clear verses [of the Qur’ān], a clarification of prophetic utterances, a glimmer of the light of the luminous Qur’ān, and burning embers irradiating their rays from its shining lamp. "[47][48] Attar gave the boy his Asrārnāma, a book about the entanglement of the soul in the material world. Background and early life. Personally, I think the idea of Rumi and Shams being gay is one big contemporary projection. [34] Rumi expresses his appreciation: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[35] and mentions in another poem: "Attar has traversed the seven cities of Love, We are still at the turn of one street". (2008): "Three poems have bits of demotic Greek; these have been identified and translated into French, along with some Greek verses of Sultan Valad. He is most commonly called Rumi in English. As such, there are a number of historical personages born in or associated with Anatolia known as Rumi, a word borrowed from Arabic literally meaning 'Roman,' in which context Roman refers to subjects of the Byzantine Empire or simply to people living in or things associated with Anatolia. حملهٔ دیگر بمیرم از بشر His epitaph reads: When we are dead, seek not our tomb in the earth, That is why he said, Rumi often went to enjoy the natural beauty with his followers. However, their home was not in the actual city of Balkh, since the mid-eighth century a center of Muslim culture in (Greater) Khorasan (Iran and Central Asia). He is not a Prophet but has come with a book; In Afghanistan, Rumi is known as Mawlānā, in Turkey as Mevlâna, and in Iran as Molavī. p. 306: "The manuscripts versions differ greatly in the size of the text and orthography. The term مولوی Mawlawī/Mowlavi (Persian) and Mevlevi (Turkish), also of Arabic origin, meaning "my master", is also frequently used for him. Rumi smiled and took out a piece of paper on which were written the opening eighteen lines of his Masnavi, beginning with: Listen to the reed and the tale it tells, He saw nature as a reflection of God’s love and was inspired to compose ghazals. Then I went to the mosque and did not find him there. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. To commemorate Shams, Rumi named his first epic, Shams’s Collective Poems from the City of Tabriz. The sorrows grew bigger and bigger, sorrow was born. His full name is Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى‎) or Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (جلال‌الدین محمد رومی). Rumi married and had a son, who later wrote his biography. In truth, the pearly verse of the poem combines the Canon Law of Islam (sharīʿa) with the Sufi Path (ṭarīqa) and the Divine Reality (ḥaqīqa); the author’s [Rūmī] achievement belongs to God in his bringing together of the Law (sharīʿa), the Path, and the Truth in a way that includes critical intellect, profound thought, a brilliant natural temperament, and integrity of character that is endowed with power, insight, inspiration, and illumination. Married Gevher Khatun and finally moved to Qonya (Konya) in the north-western provinces of Persia (in present day Turkey). 634 (FB 5–6 n.3). One of them was Aisha, she was 9 when he married her. As respects to hunting through the treasure-trove of the Qur’ān, one can find in it [the Mathnawī] all [the Qur’ān’s] ancient philosophical wisdom; it [the Mathnawī] is all entirely eloquent philosophy. Franklin also points out that: "Living among Turks, Rumi also picked up some colloquial Turkish. That is why it is not possible to tie Jalal Uddin Muhammad Rumi to any particular race or group, because he speaks to the hearts of people all over the world, and he feels everything with his heart. [11][12] Rumi's influence transcends national borders and ethnic divisions: Iranians, Tajiks, Turks, Greeks, Pashtuns, other Central Asian Muslims, and the Muslims of the Indian subcontinent have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy for the past seven centuries. Hence we tend to be overly skeptical, distrustful. [85], One of the greatest living authorities on Rûmî in Persia today, Hâdî Hâ'irî, has shown in an unpublished work that some 6,000 verses of the Dîwân and the Mathnawî are practically direct translations of Qur'ânic verses into Persian poetry. گویدم که انا الیه راجعون‎. His father's friend Burhan al-Din arrived and for nine years taught Rumi Sufism. I am quit of him and outraged by these words. C.E. But in the midst of all this, he was a bit of an exception. He saw the father walking ahead of the son and said, "Here comes a sea followed by an ocean. Brill Online. He was laid to rest beside his father, and over his remains a shrine was erected. The key personal event in Rumi’s life was clearly his meeting and friendship with the Sufi dervish Shams-e Tabrizi in the years 1244–1248. From Nishapur, Walad and his entourage set out for Baghdad, meeting many of the scholars and Sufis of the city. [26] His poetry has influenced not only Persian literature, but also the literary traditions of the Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai, Urdu and Pashto languages. Apart from Muslims, people of other religions also respected him. Again the long mystical conversation began and again the jealousies grew. Franklin Lewis, Rumi : Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teachings, and Poetry of Jalâl al-Din Rumi, 2000, pp. وز نما مُردم به حیوان برزدم Rumi, however, asserts the supremacy of Islam by stating: "The Light of Muhammad has become a thousand branches (of knowledge), a thousand, so that both this world and the next have been seized from end to end. In the West, we don’t really have a tradition of the guru/disciple relationship we see in Sufism, Tantra and other ecstatic traditions of the East. Bianquis, C.E. The use of its various metaphors and the variability of concepts often puzzle readers.

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